Whether you're limited on garden space or just want to add a splash of green to your décor, growing herbs indoors allows you to enjoy organic products. It may also serve as a low-risk introduction to more serious culinary gardening for beginners–all you need is a sunny window.
It also makes cooking at home simple–just pluck a few sprigs anytime you need fresh herbs for a dish or as a lovely garnish. But, even if you don't have a green thumb, you can assure your success by following these tried-and-true techniques before you put up your first plant.
1. Choose the Correct Plants
Most herbs may be grown indoors, but easy-to-grow herbs like basil, chives, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, and thyme do particularly well. Herbs can be started from seed or cuttings, which are branches cut at the node of an existing plant and immersed in water until new roots grow. Starting an indoor garden using seedlings from a garden shop, on the other hand, may be easier and faster.
2. Select a Drainable Container
While there are a variety of herb pots available, you may grow herbs in almost any container that has some kind of drainage. A saucer or spherical plastic cover, which you can purchase at garden shops, is also required to protect the surface beneath the pots. You may use any size container as long as the plant fits inside, but keep in mind that the smaller the container, the sooner you'll have to repot. If you're using unconventional planters like mason jars, make sure to put a layer of stones in the bottom to catch any extra rainwater and keep your potting soil from becoming soggy.
3. Select Plants for the Best Sunlight
The majority of herbs thrive in bright light. For your indoor herb garden to grow, you'll need at least six hours of sunlight every day.
Place plants as near as possible to your brightest window, preferably a south-facing window, to optimize their exposure. They won't get enough light if you put them in the middle of the room or near a northern-facing window. When there isn't much natural light, growth may be slow in the winter. While you wait for spring to arrive, try purchasing a grow light or an LED light.
4. Harvest Small Amounts at a Time
Using kitchen shears or your fingers, cut a few sprigs off the plant. Cutbacks on a regular basis stimulate fresh development. Remove no more than a fourth of the plant at a time to avoid causing the plant suffering and even death.
5. Transplant When Ready
Indoor herb plants do not last indefinitely. The good news/bad news is that your herbs will ultimately outgrow their pots and require extra room if you cultivate it correctly. It's time to transplant if roots emerge from drainage holes, growth appears to have slowed, or the plant begins to flop over. Perennial herbs like lavender and mint may be started inside and transplanted into the ground once the fear of frost has passed in most areas. Through the conclusion of the growing season, annual herbs can be transferred outside.
Basil and oregano, for example, are best grown from seed and transplanted throughout the year. Many herbs have aphids, spider mites, and scale. To minimise issues, avoid crowding the plants and make sure there is adequate airflow around each one.
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